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Publication : 2000 In : Polis. Revista de ideas y formas politicas de la antigüedad clasica, 12, ISSN 1130-0728Description : p. 181-228Langue : Anglais. Auteur principal: Mantas, Konstantinos Résumé : In this article we will try to give an answer to the question of changes in the visibility of women in the public sphere. The fact that élite women played a more energetic role in public life from the late Hellenistic epoch on bas been established by our research on the available sources (mostly epigraphical) in some regions of the Greco-Roman East, in particular W. Asia Minor (lonia and Caria) and in Aegean islands such as Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Tenos, Syros and Paros. Nevertheless, the inscriptions, being brief summaries of the decrees which were put in the archives, fail to comment on the issue of the honorand's actual fulfilment of the office, though sometimes they give indirect information on the lady's presence, eg in the stadium. But even if the female magistrales were visible, did that have any effect on other women ? Did the free, or at least the citizen women in the cities of the Roman East enjoy more freedom in their movement outside the oikos ? Could women move freely in the agora, the theatre or any other public place ? And if they did so, what about their mingling with men and regulations about their clothes and personal behaviour ? Literature is important on that subject because it provides indirect information on all the aspects of the problem, but the archaising style and subject matter of many literary works, the hallmark of the Second Sophistic, throws doubt on their relevance to the era in which our research is located. Notwithstanding those problems, the combination of literary texts and inscriptions sheds some light on the obscure subject of women's presence in the public sphere..Sujets:femme -- société -- vie publique -- sources épigraphiques -- théâtre (édifice) -- cité-ville -- oikos -- vie privée -- épigraphie -- famille -- religion grecque -- honneur -- gymnase -- grec (langue) Chrono:Antiquité romaine -- Antiquité grecque -- époque hellénistique Lieux:Athènes -- Asie mineure -- Egéennes I Mots libres: ecclesia .
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In this article we will try to give an answer to the question of changes in the visibility of women in the public sphere. The fact that élite women played a more energetic role in public life from the late Hellenistic epoch on bas been established by our research on the available sources (mostly epigraphical) in some regions of the Greco-Roman East, in particular W. Asia Minor (lonia and Caria) and in Aegean islands such as Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Tenos, Syros and Paros. Nevertheless, the inscriptions, being brief summaries of the decrees which were put in the archives, fail to comment on the issue of the honorand's actual fulfilment of the office, though sometimes they give indirect information on the lady's presence, eg in the stadium. But even if the female magistrales were visible, did that have any effect on other women ? Did the free, or at least the citizen women in the cities of the Roman East enjoy more freedom in their movement outside the oikos ? Could women move freely in the agora, the theatre or any other public place ? And if they did so, what about their mingling with men and regulations about their clothes and personal behaviour ? Literature is important on that subject because it provides indirect information on all the aspects of the problem, but the archaising style and subject matter of many literary works, the hallmark of the Second Sophistic, throws doubt on their relevance to the era in which our research is located. Notwithstanding those problems, the combination of literary texts and inscriptions sheds some light on the obscure subject of women's presence in the public sphere.

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