|Lyon : MOM - Bibliothèque de la Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée Libre accès
|HCL DF261.A683. F6 2022 (Browse shelf(Opens below))
Textes en anglais et en grec.
Bibliogr. p. 132-135
Mount Mainalos of Arcadia appears often, not only in ancient Greek literature but also Latin, all the way from Pindar via, for instance, Callimachus, Theocritus, Apollonius of Rhodes, Strabo, Virgil, Ovid and Pliny down to Pausanias. The mountain was considered sacred to the god Pan, the goat-legged and horned god of the shepherds and the mountain wilds, whose flute you could hear on its slopes, where according to some he may even have been born. Artemis and Atalante are also said to have preferred to hunt on Mount Mainalos, but above all the mountain is famous as the place where Arkas, the eponymous ancestor of all the Arcadians, was buried.
According to the legend, Arkas was the son of Zeus and Lykaon's daughter, Kallisto. There are several versions of the myth. According to one, Kallisto, who had devoted herself to Artemis, was seduced by Zeus. She became a bear and gave birth to Arkas. As an adult and a hunter, Arkas pursued the bear Kallisto, whom he did not recognise as his mother, into the forbidden enclosure of Zeus on Mount Lykaion. When the local people wanted to kill them for this sacrilege, Zeus transformed them into the constellations of the Great Bear and the Arktophylax (the Guardian of the Bear, also called Bootes, the herdsman). The Arktophylax includes the fourth-brightest star Arcturus (from arktos/bear and ouros/guardian, known since Hesiod's days). [...] (From the publisher)